What is the role of surgery in the treatment of hypoventilation syndrome?

Updated: Jul 22, 2021
  • Author: Jazeela Fayyaz, DO; Chief Editor: Guy W Soo Hoo, MD, MPH  more...
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Surgery associated with hypoventilation includes bariatric procedures to promote weight loss and placement of an electrode on the phrenic nerve for diaphragm pacing. Some patients with thoracic deformities, such as kyphoscoliosis, may be candidates for corrective surgical procedures.

Refractory cases of hypoventilation due to advanced underlying disease, such as neuromuscular disease, chest wall deformities, or even obesity-hypoventilation syndrome, may require tracheostomy and assisted ventilation for optimal management.

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