What are potential complications of noninvasive ventilation (NIV)?

Updated: Jun 18, 2020
  • Author: Guy W Soo Hoo, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Zab Mosenifar, MD, FACP, FCCP  more...
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Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) has a very different profile of complications compared with complications associated with endotracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation. This is directly attributable to the elimination of the endotracheal tube in patient management. Complications associated with its placement, the duration of placement, and removal of the tube all are averted. In addition, patients are usually not sedated as they would be if they were intubated, which further reduces complications related to sedation. Even complications common to both noninvasive ventilation and invasive ventilation occur less frequently in patients undergoing noninvasive ventilation.

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