What are the major criteria for intubation of patients using noninvasive ventilation (NIV)?

Updated: Jun 18, 2020
  • Author: Guy W Soo Hoo, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Zab Mosenifar, MD, FACP, FCCP  more...
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Major criteria (any one of the following) are as follows [10, 11] :

  • Respiratory arrest

  • Loss of consciousness with respiratory pauses

  • Gasping for air

  • Psychomotor agitation requiring sedation

  • Heart rate less than 50 bpm with loss of alertness

  • Hemodynamic instability with systolic blood pressure less than 70 mm Hg

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