What are the advantages and disadvantages of a nasal mask for noninvasive ventilation (NIV)?

Updated: Jun 18, 2020
  • Author: Guy W Soo Hoo, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Zab Mosenifar, MD, FACP, FCCP  more...
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Nasal mask general advantages are as follows:

  • Best suited for more cooperative patients

  • Better in patients with a lower severity of illness

  • Not claustrophobic

  • Allows speaking, drinking, coughing, and secretion clearance

  • Less aspiration risk with emesis

  • Generally better tolerated

Nasal mask cautions and disadvantages are as follows:

  • More leaks possible (eg, mouth-breathing or edentulous patients)

  • Effectiveness limited in patients with nasal deformities or blocked nasal passages

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