What are the advantages and disadvantages of an orofacial mask for noninvasive ventilation (NIV)?

Updated: Jun 18, 2020
  • Author: Guy W Soo Hoo, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Zab Mosenifar, MD, FACP, FCCP  more...
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The main considerations regarding the choice of an orofacial mask or nasal mask are outlined below.

Orofacial mask general advantages are as follows:

  • Best suited for less cooperative patients

  • Better in patients with a higher severity of illness

  • Better for patients with mouth-breathing or pursed-lips breathing

  • Better in edentulous patients

  • Generally more effective ventilation

Orofacial mask cautions and disadvantages are as follows:

  • Claustrophobic

  • Hinder speaking and coughing

  • Risk of aspiration with emesis

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