What type of mask is most effective in noninvasive ventilation (NIV)?

Updated: Jun 18, 2020
  • Author: Guy W Soo Hoo, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Zab Mosenifar, MD, FACP, FCCP  more...
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Answer

Answer

The nasal and orofacial masks may be first-line and second-line options, specifically in patients who may have prior familiarity with these interfaces or in those who may have had difficulty with orofacial or nasal masks. Clinical trials have not demonstrated the superiority of any interface, although the nasal mask may be more effective in patients with a lower severity of illness. [4] In patients with a higher severity of illness, the orofacial mask and total face mask appear to result in comparable outcomes.


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