What are the patient inclusion criteria for noninvasive ventilation?

Updated: Jun 18, 2020
  • Author: Guy W Soo Hoo, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Zab Mosenifar, MD, FACP, FCCP  more...
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Patient inclusion criteria are as follows:

  • Patient cooperation (an essential component that excludes agitated, belligerent, or comatose patients)

  • Dyspnea (moderate to severe, but short of respiratory failure)

  • Tachypnea (>24 breaths/min)

  • Increased work of breathing (accessory muscle use, pursed-lips breathing)

  • Hypercapnic respiratory acidosis (pH range 7.10-7.35)

  • Hypoxemia (PaO2/FIO2<200 mm Hg, best in rapidly reversible causes of hypoxemia)

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