In which patients is high-flow nasal cannula oxygen noninvasive ventilation (NIV) indicated?

Updated: Jun 18, 2020
  • Author: Guy W Soo Hoo, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Zab Mosenifar, MD, FACP, FCCP  more...
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The focus of this review is on noninvasive ventilation provided through a mask-ventilator interface, but it is important to recognize that the option of high-flow nasal cannula oxygen exists and may be a viable option for some patients. It seems especially suited to the recently extubated, postoperative patient and those with mild-to-moderate hypoxemic respiratory failure as may occur in patients with decompensated heart failure. [3] There may be efficacy in other conditions. Additional comments have been included to highlight additional clinical features unique to high-flow nasal cannula oxygen.

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