What is positive-pressure ventilation and how is it delivered?

Updated: Jun 18, 2020
  • Author: Guy W Soo Hoo, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Zab Mosenifar, MD, FACP, FCCP  more...
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Answer

Answer

Positive-pressure ventilation delivered through a mask has become the predominant method of providing noninvasive ventilatory support and is the focus of this and subsequent sections. Early bedside physiologic studies in healthy patients and in patients with respiratory conditions document successful ventilatory support (ie, reduction in respiratory rate, increase in tidal volume, decrease in dyspnea) with reduction in diaphragmatic electromyography (EMG), transdiaphragmatic pressures, work of breathing and improvement in oxygenation with a reduction in hypercapnia.


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