What complications of mechanical ventilation occur during intubation?

Updated: Apr 11, 2019
  • Author: Christopher D Jackson, MD; Chief Editor: Zab Mosenifar, MD, FACP, FCCP  more...
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Answer

Answer

Complications that can occur during placement of an endotracheal tube include upper airway and nasal trauma, tooth avulsion, oral-pharyngeal laceration, laceration or hematoma of the vocal cords, tracheal laceration, perforation, hypoxemia, and intubation of the esophagus. Inadvertent intubation of the right mainstem bronchus is reported in 3-9% of all intubations in adults. Aspiration rates are 8–19% in intubations performed in adults without anesthesia. Sinusitis, tracheal necrosis or stenosis, glottic edema, and ventilator-associated pneumonia may occur with prolonged use of endotracheal tubes.


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