Which medications in the drug class Cytotoxic agents are used in the treatment of Restrictive Lung Disease?

Updated: Sep 16, 2020
  • Author: Jonathan Robert Caronia, DO; Chief Editor: John J Oppenheimer, MD  more...
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Cytotoxic agents

These agents inhibit cell growth and proliferation.

Cyclophosphamide (Cytoxan, Neosar)

Cyclophosphamide is chemically related to nitrogen mustards. As an alkylating agent, its mechanism of action of active metabolites may involve cross-linking of DNA, which may interfere with the growth of normal and neoplastic cells of the immune system. It is a possible steroid-sparing medication.

Azathioprine (Imuran)

Azathioprine inhibits mitosis and cellular metabolism by antagonizing purine metabolism and inhibiting the synthesis of DNA, RNA, and proteins. These effects may decrease the proliferation of immune cells and result in lower autoimmune activity. It is a possible steroid-sparing medication.

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