How does the prevalence of restrictive lung disease vary by sex?

Updated: Sep 16, 2020
  • Author: Jonathan Robert Caronia, DO; Chief Editor: John J Oppenheimer, MD  more...
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LAM and lung involvement in tuberous sclerosis occur primarily in premenopausal women, although a handful of cases of LAM have been reported in men. Sporadic LAM has a prevalence of approximately 4.9 cases per 1,000,000 women. Men are more likely to have pneumoconiosis because of occupational exposure, IPF, and collagen-vascular diseases (eg, rheumatoid lung). Worldwide, sarcoidosis is slightly more common in women. [9]

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