Which extrinsic disorders have a role in the etiology of restrictive lung disease?

Updated: Sep 16, 2020
  • Author: Jonathan Robert Caronia, DO; Chief Editor: John J Oppenheimer, MD  more...
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Nonmuscular diseases of the chest wall, in which kyphosis can be idiopathic or secondary, may cause restrictive lung disease. The most common cause of secondary kyphoscoliosis is neuromuscular disease (eg, polio, muscular dystrophy). Fibrothorax, massive pleural effusion, morbid obesity, ankylosing spondylitis, and thoracoplasty are other causes.

Neuromuscular diseases manifest as respiratory muscle weakness and are due to myopathy or myositis, quadriplegia, or phrenic neuropathy from infectious or metabolic causes.

Pleural diseases, including trapped lung or asbestos-related pleural plaques, are an underrecognized, and potentially treatable, cause of restrictive lung disease.

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