How common is idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH)?

Updated: Jul 08, 2020
  • Author: Ronald J Oudiz, MD, FACP, FACC, FCCP; Chief Editor: Zab Mosenifar, MD, FACP, FCCP  more...
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Answer

IPAH is responsible for approximately 125-150 deaths per year in the United States and has an incidence rate of approximately 2-6 cases per million population per year. The incidence and prevalence of APAH are considerably higher than those of IPAH. The worldwide incidence of IPAH approximates that observed in the United States, but variations in prevalence exist worldwide. A registry of patients with IPAH in France found a prevalence of IPAH of about 6 cases per million population. [9] IPAH occurs at a female-to-male ratio ranging from 2-9:1, depending on the treatment center sampled. In the United States, the average female-to-male ratio reported in clinical trials and registries is close to 4:1. The reasons for this female predilection remain unknown.Typically, younger women of childbearing age develop IPAH. However, IPAH can also affect individuals in their fifth and sixth decades of life or older. [10]


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