Which genetic defects are associated with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH) according to the Nice Classification system related to?

Updated: Jul 08, 2020
  • Author: Ronald J Oudiz, MD, FACP, FACC, FCCP; Chief Editor: Zab Mosenifar, MD, FACP, FCCP  more...
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The current Nice Classification system of PH now lists the following genetic defects that are known to be associated with PAH [6] :

  • BMPR2

  • ALK1

  • ENG

  • SMAD9

  • CAV1

  • KCNK3

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