What is the Virchow triad and how does it influence thrombus formation?

Updated: Sep 18, 2020
  • Author: Daniel R Ouellette, MD, FCCP; Chief Editor: Zab Mosenifar, MD, FACP, FCCP  more...
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Three primary influences predispose a patient to blood clot formation; these form the so-called Virchow triad, which consists of the following [8, 9, 10] :

  • Endothelial injury

  • Stasis or turbulence of blood flow

  • Blood hypercoagulability

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