What is included in supportive care for viral pneumonia?

Updated: Mar 24, 2021
  • Author: Zab Mosenifar, MD, FACP, FCCP; Chief Editor: John J Oppenheimer, MD  more...
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Answer

All viral pneumonia patients must receive supportive care with oxygen, rest, antipyretics, analgesics, nutrition, and close observation. See Table 2 below.

Table 2. Treatment and Prevention of Common Causes of Viral Pneumonia (Open Table in a new window)

Virus

Treatment

Prevention

Influenza virus

Oseltamivir

Peramivir

Zanamivir

Influenza vaccine [77]

Chemoprophylaxis with:

Zanamivir

Oseltamivir

Respiratory syncytial virus

Ribavirin

RSV immunoglobulin

Palivizumab

Parainfluenza virus

Ribavirin

 

Herpes simplex virus

Acyclovir

 

Varicella-zoster virus

Acyclovir

Varicella-zoster immunoglobulin

Adenovirus

Ribavirin

 

Measles virus

Ribavirin

Intravenous immunoglobulin

Cytomegalovirus

Ganciclovir

Foscarnet

Intravenous immunoglobulin


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