What are the clinical manifestations of transplantation-related pneumonia?

Updated: Mar 24, 2021
  • Author: Zab Mosenifar, MD, FACP, FCCP; Chief Editor: John J Oppenheimer, MD  more...
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Answer

In recipients of thoracic organ transplants, chest complications, though rare, may manifest as tracheobronchitis, localized viral pneumonia, or diffuse and bilateral pneumonic infiltrates involving mainly the lower lobes. These findings may develop secondary to bacterial pneumonia, bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome, or acute allograft rejection. Mild clinical manifestations occur in 64% of lung transplant recipients with lung infection due to influenza virus or PIV.


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