What are the clinical manifestations of adenovirus pneumonia?

Updated: Mar 24, 2021
  • Author: Zab Mosenifar, MD, FACP, FCCP; Chief Editor: John J Oppenheimer, MD  more...
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Answer

Symptoms of adenovirus infection include fever, malaise, headache, sore throat, hoarseness, and cough. The incubation period is 4-5 days. Keratoconjunctivitis and diarrhea may or may not be seen, depending on the serotype (8, 19, 37 causing the former, and 2, 3, 5, 40, 41 causing the latter).

Serotype 14 pneumonia is associated most commonly with fever (89%) and cough (82%). Other common symptoms include shortness of breath (58%), vomiting (42%), diarrhea (34%), headache (29%), myalgias (29%), coryza (26%), chills (26%), sore throat (21%), and chest pain (16%). [18]

In adults who are immunocompromised, fever is predominant and gastrointestinal symptoms can be severe. Although adenovirus is almost always isolated from the respiratory tract, pulmonary symptoms may not be prominent and dissemination can occur without significant evidence of pneumonia (by symptoms or radiographs). Dissemination can lead to gastroenteritis, hepatitis, and hemorrhagic cystitis. [41]


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