What are the possible outcomes and complications of cytomegalovirus (CMV) pneumonia?

Updated: Mar 24, 2021
  • Author: Zab Mosenifar, MD, FACP, FCCP; Chief Editor: John J Oppenheimer, MD  more...
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Answer

Clinical outcomes range from mild, self-limited illness to rapidly fatal infection with multiorgan involvement (retinitis, colitis, hepatitis). The mortality rate can be high.

CMV complicated by obstructive bronchiolitis in heart-lung and double-lung recipients affected 47% of 36 patients in a study in France. Risk factors were CMV seropositivity among donors and CMV pneumonia or CMV recurrence.


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