Which factors increase the risk for varicella-zoster virus (VZV) pneumonia?

Updated: Mar 24, 2021
  • Author: Zab Mosenifar, MD, FACP, FCCP; Chief Editor: John J Oppenheimer, MD  more...
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Risk factors related to VZV pneumonia are smoking, pregnancy (third trimester), immunosuppression, and male gender. The presence of more than 100 spots during the skin eruption, prolonged fever, a history of contact with an index case, and chest symptoms at presentation are also reported risk factors.

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