What is the mortality and morbidity of human metapneumovirus (HMPV) pneumonia?

Updated: Mar 24, 2021
  • Author: Zab Mosenifar, MD, FACP, FCCP; Chief Editor: John J Oppenheimer, MD  more...
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Answer

HMPV accounts for up to 10% of unexplained respiratory infections in children. Some authors report that HMPV can account for 30% of unidentified, suspected cases of viral pneumonia in transplant patients.

The relatively recent recognition of hMPV in causing pneumonia and the difficulty in its diagnosis has precluded accurate estimates of mortality rates, but case reports of deaths exist, primarily in patients with hematologic malignancies undergoing chemotherapy or HSCT. [24, 50] Mortality rates in transplant recipients have ranged from 50% in lung transplant patients to 80% in HSCT recipients. [51] A 2009 hMPV outbreak at a psychiatric ward in Taiwan, all in immunocompetent patients, resulted in 1 (of 13 diagnosed patients) death from respiratory failure. [52]


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