Which virus families cause viral pneumonia?

Updated: Mar 24, 2021
  • Author: Zab Mosenifar, MD, FACP, FCCP; Chief Editor: John J Oppenheimer, MD  more...
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Answer

Both DNA and RNA viruses are involved in the etiology of viral pneumonia. Some are well-known lung pathogens that produce common clinical and radiologic manifestations. Others are rarely involved as lung pathogens.

Etiologic viruses include various families, as follows:

  • Adenoviridae ( adenoviruses)
  • Coronaviridae (coronaviruses) - SARS, MERS, 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) [14]
  • Bunyaviridae (arboviruses) - Hantavirus
  • Orthomyxoviridae (orthomyxoviruses) - Influenza virus
  • Papovaviridae (polyomavirus) - JC virus, BK virus
  • Paramyxoviridae (paramyxoviruses) - Parainfluenza virus (PIV), respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), human metapneumovirus (hMPV), measles virus
  • Picornaviridae (picornaviruses) - Enteroviruses, coxsackievirus, echovirus, enterovirus 71, rhinovirus
  • Reoviridae ( rotavirus)
  • Retroviridae (retroviruses) - Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), human lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1)

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