What is the global incidence of fungal pneumonia?

Updated: Jun 21, 2019
  • Author: Romeo A Mandanas, MD, FACP; Chief Editor: Guy W Soo Hoo, MD, MPH  more...
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Answer

Answer

These fungi have caused several pneumonia outbreaks in Argentina and other areas of Central and South America. P brasiliensis is restricted to Central and South America. African histoplasmosis, which is caused by H capsulatum duboisii, is limited to equatorial Africa between 20° N and 10° S, which includes Gabon, Uganda, and Kenya.

The other opportunistic organisms are ubiquitous, are usually found worldwide, and tend to cause disease in hosts with abnormal immune defenses. For instance, C neoformans can affect people with intact immune systems at a rate of 0.2 cases per million population per year. Prior to the advent of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), approximately 80-90% of patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) developed cryptococcosis. [11]


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