What are the benefits of using third-generation cephalosporins for the treatment of bacterial pneumonia?

Updated: Sep 30, 2020
  • Author: Justina Gamache, MD; Chief Editor: Guy W Soo Hoo, MD, MPH  more...
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Answer

Third-generation cephalosporins have wider activity against most gram-negative bacteria (eg, Enterobacter, Citrobacter, Serratia, Neisseria, Providencia, Haemophilus species), including beta-lactamase–producing strains.

Intravenous cephalosporins may be combined with a macrolide agent. They broaden the gram-negative coverage, and in the case of third-generation agents, they may be effective against resistant S pneumoniae. In addition, some third-generation agents are effective against Pseudomonas, whereas second-generation agents are not.


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