What are the benefits of using second-generation cephalosporins for the treatment of bacterial pneumonia?

Updated: Sep 30, 2020
  • Author: Justina Gamache, MD; Chief Editor: Guy W Soo Hoo, MD, MPH  more...
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Answer

Second-generation cephalosporins maintain the gram-positive activity of first-generation cephalosporins, provide good coverage against Proteus mirabilis, H influenzae, E coli, K pneumoniae, and Moraxella species, and provide adequate activity against gram-positive organisms.

Of these agents, cefprozil, cefpodoxime, and cefuroxime seem to have better in vitro activity against S pneumoniae. Second-generation cephalosporins are not effective against Legionella or Mycoplasma species. These drugs are generally well tolerated, but cost may be a factor. Oral second-generation and third-generation cephalosporins offer increased activity against gram-negative agents and may be effective against ampicillin-resistant S pneumoniae.


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