What is the standard treatment for bacterial pneumonia in children younger than 5 years?

Updated: Sep 30, 2020
  • Author: Justina Gamache, MD; Chief Editor: Guy W Soo Hoo, MD, MPH  more...
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Answer

All agents discussed in the next sections are for use in persons older than 5 years. In children younger than five years of age, initial treatment of pneumonia includes IV ampicillin or nafcillin plus gentamicin or cefotaxime (for neonates). Ceftriaxone or cefotaxime can be administered as a single agent (for >28 d to 5 y). An alternative regimen includes a penicillinase-resistant penicillin plus an antipseudomonal aminoglycoside.


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