Which medications in the drug class Antibiotics, Lincosamide are used in the treatment of Bacterial Pneumonia?

Updated: Sep 30, 2020
  • Author: Justina Gamache, MD; Chief Editor: Guy W Soo Hoo, MD, MPH  more...
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Answer

Antibiotics, Lincosamide

Clindamycin (Cleocin)

Clindamycin is a lincosamide semisynthetic antibiotic produced by 7(S)-chloro-substitution of 7(R)-hydroxyl group of the parent compound lincomycin. This agent inhibits bacterial growth, possibly by blocking the dissociation of peptidyl tRNA from ribosomes, causing RNA-dependent protein synthesis to arrest. Clindamycin widely distributes in the body without penetration of the central nervous system (CNS). It is protein bound and excreted by liver and kidneys.

Clindamycin is available in parenteral (ie, clindamycin phosphate) and oral form (ie, clindamycin hydrochloride). Oral clindamycin is absorbed rapidly and almost completely and is not appreciably altered by presence of food in stomach. Appropriate serum levels are reached and sustained for at least 6 hours following the oral dose. No significant levels are attained in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Clindamycin is also effective against aerobic and anaerobic streptococci (except enterococci).


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