What are the aspiration risk factors that increase the risk of developing secondary bacterial pneumonia?

Updated: Sep 30, 2020
  • Author: Justina Gamache, MD; Chief Editor: Guy W Soo Hoo, MD, MPH  more...
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Answer

As previously discussed, patients at increased risk of aspiration are also at increased risk of developing pneumonia secondarily. Associated factors are as follows:

  • Alcoholism

  • Altered mental status

  • Anatomic abnormalities, congenital or acquired

  • Drug use

  • Dysphagia

  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)

  • Seizure disorder


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