What is ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), and how common is it?

Updated: Sep 30, 2020
  • Author: Justina Gamache, MD; Chief Editor: Guy W Soo Hoo, MD, MPH  more...
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VAP is defined as pneumonia that develops more than 48 hours after endotracheal intubation or within 48 hours of extubation. Risk factors for exposure to MDR bacteria that cause VAP are the same as those for HAP. [6, 8] VAP may occur in as many as 10-20% of patients who are on ventilators for more than 48 hours. [16]

Go to Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia for complete information on this topic.

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