What supportive measures are used in the treatment of bacterial pneumonia?

Updated: Sep 30, 2020
  • Author: Justina Gamache, MD; Chief Editor: Guy W Soo Hoo, MD, MPH  more...
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Supportive measures include the following:

  • Analgesia and antipyretics

  • Chest physiotherapy

  • Intravenous fluids (and, conversely, diuretics), if indicated

  • Pulse oximetry with or without cardiac monitoring, as indicated

  • Oxygen supplementation

  • Positioning of the patient to minimize aspiration risk

  • Respiratory therapy, including treatment with bronchodilators and N-acetylcysteine

  • Suctioning and bronchial hygiene

  • Ventilation with low tidal volumes (6 mL/kg of ideal body weight) in patients requiring mechanical ventilation secondary to bilateral pneumonia or acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) [3]

  • Systemic support: May include proper hydration, nutrition, and mobilization

See Treatment and Medication for more detail.

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