Which exam findings may indicate a specific etiology for bacterial pneumonia?

Updated: Sep 30, 2020
  • Author: Justina Gamache, MD; Chief Editor: Guy W Soo Hoo, MD, MPH  more...
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Examination findings that may indicate a specific etiology include the following:

  • Bradycardia: May indicate a Legionella etiology

  • Periodontal disease: May suggest an anaerobic and/or polymicrobial infection

  • Cutaneous nodules: May suggest Nocardia infection

  • Decreased gag reflex: Suggests risk for aspiration

See Clinical Presentation for more detail.

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