Which conditions should be considered in the differential diagnoses of exudative pleural effusion (fluid on the lungs)?

Updated: Dec 28, 2018
  • Author: Kamran Boka, MD, MS; Chief Editor: Guy W Soo Hoo, MD, MPH  more...
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Answer

Conditions to consider in the differential diagnosis of exudative pleural effusion include the following:

  • Malignancy

  • Pneumonia

  • Tuberculosis

  • Pulmonary embolism

  • Fungal infection

  • Pancreatic pseudocyst

  • Intra-abdominal abscess

  • Post CABG surgery

  • Postcardiac injury syndrome

  • Pericardial disease

  • Meigs syndrome

  • Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome

  • Rheumatoid pleuritis

  • Lupus erythematosus

  • Drug-induced pleural disease

  • Asbestos pleural effusion

  • Yellow nail syndrome

  • Uremia

  • Trapped lung

  • Chylothorax

  • Pseudochylothorax

  • Acute respiratory distress syndrome

  • Chronic pleural thickening

  • Malignant mesothelioma

  • Hypothyroidism


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