What are the key elements of patient education about asthma?

Updated: Jan 07, 2019
  • Author: Michael J Morris, MD, FACP, FCCP; Chief Editor: Zab Mosenifar, MD, FACP, FCCP  more...
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Answer

The need for patient education about asthma and the establishment of a partnership between patient and clinician in the management of the disease was emphasized by EPR-3. [1]

The key points of education include the following:

  • Patient education should be integrated into every aspect of asthma care

  • All members of the healthcare team, including nurses, pharmacists, and respiratory therapists, should provide education.

  • Clinicians should teach patients asthma self-management based on basic asthma facts, self-monitoring techniques, the role of medications, inhaler use, and environmental control measures. [38, 39, 40]

  • Treatment goals should be developed for the patient and family.

  • A written, individualized, daily self-management plan should be developed.

  • Several well-validated asthma action plans are now available and are key in the management of asthma and should therefore be reviewed: ACT (Asthma Control Test), ATAQ (Asthma Therapy Assessment Questionnaire), and ACQ (Asthma Control Questionnaire). [41]


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