What follow-up care is required for aspiration pneumonia after hospital discharge?

Updated: Aug 15, 2018
  • Author: Justina Gamache, MD; Chief Editor: Guy W Soo Hoo, MD, MPH  more...
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Patients who recover from chemical pneumonitis generally do not require additional outpatient care, except for adherence to measures to prevent further aspiration episodes.

Unlike chemical pneumonia, anaerobic bacterial infections complicated by empyema or lung abscess require prolonged antibiotic treatment; therefore, outpatient treatment is necessary. Patients can be discharged from the hospital after clinical improvement and stability (eg, no fever, no leucocytosis, resolution of hypoxemia) and radiographic improvement (eg, decreased infiltrate or cavity size, no pleural effusion).

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