Which psychological or social conditions increase the risk for mood disorders during menopause?

Updated: Jan 30, 2019
  • Author: Nita V Bhatt, MD, MPH; Chief Editor: Ana Hategan, MD, FRCPC  more...
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Answer

Answer

Numerous psychological and social theories have been proffered to explain why women may become depressed during perimenopause. Some of these are related to the following factors:

  • Change in the childbearing role

  • Loss of fertility, which may be associated with a loss of an essential meaning of life

  • Empty-nest syndrome – Surveys have indicated, however, that women whose children have moved out of the house tend to report more happiness and enjoyment in life than others do

  • Societal value of youth – In societies where age is valued, women tend to report having fewer symptoms at the menopause transition


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