What education is indicated for caregivers of patients with vascular dementia?

Updated: Mar 26, 2018
  • Author: Kannayiram Alagiakrishnan, MD, MBBS, MPH, MHA; Chief Editor: Glen L Xiong, MD  more...
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Answer

Guidelines for caregiver education are as follows:

  • Use short simple sentences when communicating with patients with dementia.

  • Simplify and create a routine for all self-care tasks such as bathing and dressing.

  • Establish a daily routine for all activities such as meals, medication administration, recreation, exercise, and sleep.

  • To reorient the patient, use signs and pictures, clocks and calendars, family photos, and a list of daily activities.

  • Use distraction, not confrontation, to control irritable or socially inappropriate behaviors.

Initiate discussion about long-term care planning, including nursing home placement and issues regarding caregiver stress and respite care. Respite care is a community resource that gives the caregiver relief for a short period.


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