Which antipsychotic agents cause altered glucose, lipid metabolism, and weight gain in patients with schizophrenia?

Updated: Mar 16, 2018
  • Author: Frances R Frankenburg, MD; Chief Editor: Glen L Xiong, MD  more...
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Answer

Altered glucose and lipid metabolism, with or without weight gain, may occur with most antipsychotic agents, as can weight gain itself. [105] Aripiprazole and ziprasidone are the antipsychotic drugs least likely to lead to these adverse effects, whereas olanzapine and clozapine are the drugs most likely to do so. The newer agents, asenapine, iloperidone, and lurasidone, may also share a lower liability for weight gain and metabolic disturbances.

The mechanism of weight gain associated with psychotropic drugs is not understood. Sensitivity to insulin may be increased, or increased leptin levels may be present.


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