How is schizophrenia differentiated from systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)?

Updated: Mar 16, 2018
  • Author: Frances R Frankenburg, MD; Chief Editor: Glen L Xiong, MD  more...
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Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus, typically young women, may present with psychiatric symptoms, such as psychosis or cognitive deficit, in association with unexplained fever or joint pain. The diagnosis can be suggested by the physical findings of malar flush and the laboratory findings of anemia, renal dysfunction, elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), and, most specifically, elevated antinuclear antibody (ANA) levels.

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