When is therapy indicated for patients with panic disorder, and what are the treatment goals?

Updated: Mar 21, 2018
  • Author: Mohammed A Memon, MD; Chief Editor: Randon S Welton, MD  more...
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Answer

Pharmacotherapy, cognitive- behavioral therapy (CBT), and other psychological treatment modalities are used to manage panic disorder. The American Psychiatric Association (APA) recommends treating patients with panic disorder when symptoms cause dysfunction (e.g., work, family, social, leisure activities) or significant distress. [55] Treatment goals include the following [55] :

  • Tailoring the treatment plan to each individual

  • Reducing frequency and intensity of panic attacks

  • Reducing anticipatory anxiety and agoraphobic avoidance

  • Treating co-occurring psychiatric disorders

  • Achieving full symptomatic remission

  • Returning to premorbid level of function

For more information, see the Medscape Reference topics Anxiety Disorders; Separation Anxiety and School Refusal; and Phobic Disorders.


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