What is the prognosis of opioid abuse?

Updated: Jun 21, 2018
  • Author: David W Dixon, DO; Chief Editor: Glen L Xiong, MD  more...
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Answer

Catalino et al found that opioid treatment relapse rates vary from 25-97%. Cigarette smokers have higher rates of relapse than nonsmokers.

Success is measured as improvement in following areas:

  • Social functions

  • Reduction of illicit drug use

  • Performance at work and school

The prognosis varies according to the type of agent abused and other variables, such as medical care, employment, legal situation, family, and psychological difficulties.

In general, the success rate is much better in people who abuse opioids and are professionals than in individuals with a poor education level and low job prospects.


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