What is included in supportive care for opioid intoxication?

Updated: Jun 21, 2018
  • Author: David W Dixon, DO; Chief Editor: Glen L Xiong, MD  more...
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Answer

General supportive measures for opioid intoxication are as follows:

  • Assess patient to clear airway.

  • Provide support ventilation, if needed.

  • Assess and support cardiac function.

  • Provide IV fluids.

  • Frequently monitor the vital signs and cardiopulmonary status until the patient has cleared opioids from the system.

  • Give IV naloxone if necessary. Naloxone is a specific opiate antagonist with no agonist or euphoriant properties. When administered intravenously or subcutaneously, it rapidly reverses the respiratory depression and sedation caused by heroin intoxication.


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