How does the incidence of opioid abuse vary by sex?

Updated: Jun 21, 2018
  • Author: David W Dixon, DO; Chief Editor: Glen L Xiong, MD  more...
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While females were more likely to use prescription pain relievers than males in 2015 (38.8% female vs. 33.9% male), males were more likely to misuse prescription pain relievers than females (5.3% male vs. 4% female). [17]

In a Polish study published in 1996, the direct mortality rate of people who use IV drugs was 25.7 deaths per 1000 person-years for men and 14.3 deaths per 1000 person-years for women. Compared with the general population, the risk of death was 11 times higher among males who used drugs and 20 times higher among females who used drugs.

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