What is mindfulness based cognitive therapy (MBCT) for the treatment of major depressive disorder (clinical depression)?

Updated: Mar 28, 2019
  • Author: Jerry L Halverson, MD; Chief Editor: David Bienenfeld, MD  more...
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Answer

Mindfulness based cognitive therapy (MBCT) was designed to reduce relapse among individuals who have been successfully treated for an episode of recurrent major depressive disorder. The primary treatment component is mindfulness training as developed by Jon Kabat-Zinn and his colleagues at the University of Massachusetts Medical Center. [138] MBCT specifically focuses on ruminative thought processes as being a risk factor for relapse, with the corresponding treatment strategy being to change one’s relationship with one’s thoughts through efforts to decenter and distance oneself from them. [139] Mindfulness presents a specific method for decentering and distancing oneself from one’s thoughts.


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