For which patient groups is cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) an effective treatment for major depressive disorder (clinical depression)?

Updated: Mar 28, 2019
  • Author: Jerry L Halverson, MD; Chief Editor: David Bienenfeld, MD  more...
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Answer

There is evidence supporting the use of CBT with individuals of all ages. For adults, CBT is considered to be efficacious and specific for the treatment of acute depression and prior CBT is considered to be efficacious and specific for the prevention of relapse. [5] It is particularly valuable for elderly patients, who may be more prone to problems or side effects with medications. [132, 133] In children and adolescents, 4 studies have shown group CBT to be better than no intervention in the reduction of depressive symptoms and improvement of self-esteem. In fact, in most pediatric clinical samples, CBT was found to be superior to other manualized treatments, including relaxation training and family and supportive therapy.


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