Which depression self-report screening instruments are available for clinical use?

Updated: Aug 06, 2020
  • Author: Jerry L Halverson, MD; Chief Editor: David Bienenfeld, MD  more...
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Longer self-report screening instruments for depression include the following:

  • PHQ-9 – The 9-item depression scale of the Patient Health Questionnaire; each item is scored 0 to 3, providing a 0 to 27 severity score

  • Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) or Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) – 21-question symptom-rating scales

  • BDI for primary care – A 7-question scale adapted from the BDI

  • Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale – A 20-item survey

  • Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D) – A 20-item instrument that allows patients to evaluate their feelings, behavior, and outlook from the previous week

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