What is the parent-child relation model of depression?

Updated: Mar 28, 2019
  • Author: Jerry L Halverson, MD; Chief Editor: David Bienenfeld, MD  more...
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Answer

The parent-child relation model conceptualizes depression as the result of poor parent-child interaction. Adults with depression report low paternal involvement and high maternal overprotection during early childhood. Troubled relationships with parents, siblings, and peers are common in children and adolescents with affective illness.

Affective illness in a parent may be a factor in child abuse and/or neglect that promotes affective illness in the child. Childhood abuse and neglect, as well as a cumulative load of stressors over a lifetime, have been associated with both early-adult and late-onset depression.


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