Which medications in the drug class Antineoplastic agents are used in the treatment of Glioblastoma Multiforme?

Updated: Jul 01, 2019
  • Author: Jeffrey N Bruce, MD; Chief Editor: Herbert H Engelhard, III, MD, PhD, FACS, FAANS  more...
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Answer

Antineoplastic agents

Although the optimal chemotherapeutic regimen for glioblastoma is not yet defined, several studies have suggested significant survival benefit from adjuvant chemotherapy.

Temozolomide (Temodar)

Oral alkylating agent converted to MTIC at physiologic pH; 100% bioavailable; approximately 35% crosses the blood-brain barrier. Indicated for glioblastoma multiforme combined with radiotherapy. Significant overall survival improvement was demonstrated in patients treated with temozolomide and radiation compared with radiotherapy alone.

Carmustine (BiCNU)

Alkylates and cross-links DNA strands, inhibiting cell proliferation.

Cisplatin (Platinol)

Inhibits DNA synthesis and, thus, cell proliferation by causing DNA crosslinks and denaturation of double helix.

Erlotinib (Tarceva)

Pharmacologically classified as a human epidermal growth factor receptor type 1/epidermal growth factor receptor (HER1/EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor. EGFR is expressed on the cell surface of normal cells and cancer cells. Indicated for locally advanced or metastatic non-small cell lung cancer after failure of at least one prior chemotherapy regimen.

Gefitinib (Iressa)

An anilinoquinazoline. Indicated as monotherapy to treat locally advanced or metastatic non-small cell lung cancer after failure of both platinum-based and docetaxel chemotherapies. The mechanism is not fully understood. Inhibits tyrosine kinases intracellular phosphorylation associated with transmembrane cell surface receptors.


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