Which medications in the drug class Radiopharmaceuticals are used in the treatment of Insulinoma?

Updated: May 31, 2020
  • Author: Zonera Ashraf Ali, MBBS; Chief Editor: Neetu Radhakrishnan, MD  more...
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Lutetium Lu 177-dota-tate (Lu 177), the first peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT), was approved by the FDA in January 2018. Approval was based on the NETTER-1 clinical trial. The trial was a single-institution, single-arm, open-label trial conducted by Erasmus Medical Center in Rotterdam, Netherlands in more than 1,200 patients with somatostatin receptor positive tumors. Results showed a 79% reduction in risk of disease progression or death in the Lu 177 arm compared with octreotide LAR 60 mg arm (95% CI: 0.13-0.32; p<0.0001). Median PFS was not reached in the Lu 177 arm compared with 8.5 months for octreotide LAR. An interim overall survival analysis determined that Lu 177 treatment lead to a 48% reduction in the estimated risk of death (hazard ratio 0.52, 95% CI: 0.32-0.84) compared with octreotide LAR. [45]

Lutetium Lu 177-dota-tate (Lutathera)

Binds to somatostatin receptors with highest affinity for subtype 2 receptors (SSRT2). Upon binding to somatostatin receptor-expressing cells, including malignant somatostatin receptor-positive tumors, the compound is internalized. Beta emission from Lu 177 induces cellular damage by forming free radicals in somatostatin receptor-positive cells and in neighboring cells. It is indicated for somatostatin receptor-positive gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP-NETs), including foregut, midgut, and hindgut neuroendocrine tumors in adults.

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