What causes insulinoma?

Updated: May 31, 2020
  • Author: Zonera Ashraf Ali, MBBS; Chief Editor: Neetu Radhakrishnan, MD  more...
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The genetic changes in neuroendocrine tumors are under investigation. [20] The gene of multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1, an autosomal dominant disease, is called MEN1 and maps to band 11q13. MEN1 is thought to function as a tumor suppressor gene. Data suggest that the MEN1 gene also is involved in the pathogenesis of at least one third of sporadic neuroendocrine tumors. Researchers were able to detect loss of heterozygosity in band 11q13 in DNA samples from resected insulinoma tissue by using fluorescent microsatellite analysis.

In a study of 12 children with insulinoma, four cases showed heterozygous mutations of MEN1 on 11q. Aneuploidy of chromosome 11 and other chromosomes was common in both MEN1 and non-MEN1 insulinomas. [21]

One study showed k-ras mutation to be present in 23% of insulinomas.

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